Tuesday, December 18, 2018

Research On Preventing Violence Absent From National Media



There are grassroots efforts to teach about leading causes of violence, starting with early child abuse, including corporal punishment which teaches children to use violence later in life, and how it escalates from there, in third world countries around the world.

There are also grassroots efforts to teach how to reduce violence at the local level in some states within the United States; however, people not hearing about it at the local level, instead relying on national media might not be aware of it, since it's rarely reported on national news.

One of the most important contributing cause to escalating violence later in life, if not the most important one, is early child abuse including corporal punishment leading to escalating violence. I've checked the correlation between murder rates in states that still allow corporal punishment in schools, and presumably use it more at home as well in a chart below (after the first couple articles with some additional details), and found that it is consistently higher in states that allow corporal punishment than those that don't going back at least to 1991; and there's much more research supporting this conclusion than that.

One of the biggest problems with this incompetent coverage on the subject isn't complete censorship, it's a form of propaganda that reports one version of news repeatedly in some locations that is incredibly bad, but allows much better research to be reported repeatedly in other locations where a much smaller percentage of the public reads. The first article below refers to "a flurry of media attention around the world with headlines such as 'Spanking is Still Really Common, and Still Really Bad for Kids,'” that came out after a statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics. Another one of these articles asks Why Are 19 States Still Allowing Corporal Punishment in Schools? 10/17/2016 This article says, "The widespread use probably comes as a surprise to many people, says Dr. Elizabeth Gershoff, a developmental psychologist at the University of Texas at Austin."

There's little or no doubt in the academic world that this is clearly bad for children teaching them violence later in life and contributing to plenty of other social problems, including higher depression, fewer critical thinking skills, problems in school, and much more. Many of these articles express shock that it's still allowed in schools and that most people don't know about it. The reason is propaganda and politics. What many don't realize seems to be that the people accosted to keeping up with a variety of research on numerous subjects from sources other than the mass media often life in different worlds from many people that rely on traditional media, often those more inclined to keep up with celebrity gossip or obsessive sports coverage.

This doesn't mean that all sports fans are ignorant of current events or good research, of course; however, as comedians occasionally remind us when they go out in the streets and ask people if they're familiar with recent current events or show them pictures of some of the highest profile politicians, a large percentage of them demonstrate they don't know much about history, biology, a science book or the French I took. This is incredibly hypocritical, especially when it's the Cable News media that sends pundits out to quiz people on the streets; since the reason we have a large percentage of people ignorant about one subject after another is that the mass media is relentlessly trying to keep them distracted and doesn't even try to report the best research on any given subject, instead obsessing on a small number of stories, like the Russia Conspiracy Theory.

The vast majority of the public probably gets their information from traditional media, even if they recognize that it's seriously flawed or local leaders, often religious leaders, or in many cases demagogues. The mass media reports on crime as if the only way to address the situation is to rely on punishment as a deterrent, without even thinking about what causes it or how early child abuse, inadequate schools, income inequality, gambling, outsourcing of jobs, insurance fraud and many other white collar crimes lead to escalating violence.

Corporal punishment leading to escalating violence isn't the only contributing cause to our high violence rates compared to other developed countries like Europe; but it's almost certainly the most important one. The second most important contributing cause of violence is abandoned inner cities, followed by many other smaller contributing causes, which the media doesn't cover well either. It's not hard to demonstrate that abandoned inner cities are a major cause of violence, since there are about a hundred and twenty five cities in this country that have more than double the national average murder rates, and in most cases they're poorer cities with lower incomes. This inconvenient fact isn't reported in mainstream media anymore than any of the other good research on a variety of subjects.

I've gone into some of these other contributing causes in past articles and will add a little more to it along with links below. As of this writing there are still nineteen states that still allow corporal punishment in schools. Most of these states are in control of Republicans; however, one of the states, Colorado that has recently tried to ban it is now controlled by Democrats, which means they can easily pass a bill banning it next years, assuming they try; and another, Kentucky, had a massive grassroots movement by young people pressuring their politicians to pay attention resulting in a Republican introducing a bill, which he already declared he's going to reintroduce next year, so they also have a chance to eliminate it. North Carolina has recently ended it in the last county still allowing it in public schools; however it's still allowed in private schools and state law still doesn't ban it. But this shows that they might be more willing to ban it.

With the so-called progressive blue wave taking over the House of Representatives, they should be able to reintroduce Carolyn McCarthy's (Now retired) Federal Bill H.R. 3027 "The Ending Corporal Punishment in Schools Act," and if they don't get cooperation from the Republicans they can at least do much more to educate the public about the subject. Unfortunately there's little or no chance the Congress will do anything unless there's an enormous amount of grassroots pressure.

The sad truth is they clearly represent their campaign contributors far more than they represent the voters, or base decisions on science and good research.


End Corporal Punishment in Public Schools 09/25/2016 Dr. Eric Thomas Weber

About fifteen European countries have murder rates that are less than a fifth of the rates we have in the United States and most of them banned corporal punishment both in schools and at home; and they also do a far better job providing education and child care which is another leading solution to escalation violence. A recent article from Canada, which still allows corporal punishment but does a better job providing child care and education than the united states, and has murder rates that are only about a third of the United States clearly indicates they're going through the same debate in the academic world:

Canada: What will it take to end physical punishment of children? 11/21/2018

Recently, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released a policy statement recommending that parents not spank, hit or slap their children.

The announcement created a flurry of media attention around the world with headlines such as “Spanking is Still Really Common, and Still Really Bad for Kids.”

The statement is significant, but it’s also old news. It adds to already substantial research evidence about the risks that physical punishment poses to children.

To date, 54 countries have banned the physical punishment of children, and 56 more have declared that they will. Canada has done neither.

In Canada, the law still permits parents to use physical punishment to discipline their children. .....

Canada’s lethargy is baffling

It is baffling that this law reform remains so controversial here in Canada when it has been embraced around the world. In the past year alone, the Philippines, the Republic of Kosovo, South Africa and Scotland have all taken steps towards the full legal protection of children against violence. One argument against repealing the legislation includes the view that limited use of corporal punishment does no harm and may be a benefit to the child.

But the science disagrees.

Study after study demonstrates that not only is corporal punishment ineffective in promoting long-term positive health outcomes, but it also places children at risk for poor mental health, higher levels of violence and aggression, low emotional-adjustment and increased antisocial behavior.

A recent study led by psychologist Frank J. Elgar showed that countries that have fully banned corporal punishment have less youth violence. Public health researcher Jo Becker argues that enduring change happens when bans are combined with public education. When laws changed, changes in attitudes and practices quickly followed.

A combination of both legislation and public education is the most sensible plan for Canada. Complete article




Not only is the United States reluctant to ban corporal punishment in schools but it's also threatening efforts to defend human rights around the world by refusing to support UN anti-violence resolutions, and is actively trying to block them which is incompatible with the claim that we're the "leader of the free world" as indicated in the following article:

US pushes back against UN anti-violence resolutions 11/14/2017

The Trump administration is trying to limit the scope of United Nations anti-violence resolutions that would bolster protections for women and children. The fight is playing out in closed-door U.N. negotiations, with a legalistic U.S. approach meant to defend states' rights under the U.S. Constitution, including the right of parents and schools to physically discipline children.

But other U.N. delegates and critics say that the American stance could set back international efforts to secure legal protections from violence for women and children around the world. For instance, Russia largely decriminalized acts of domestic violence earlier this year.

American conservatives have long been suspicious of what they see as U.N. threats to U.S. sovereignty, and especially U.N. efforts to broaden the rights of children. They view those efforts as a threat to parental control over their offspring and to the practice of corporal punishment, which is still legal in public schools in more than 20 states in the United States, particularly in the South. The United States is the only country in the world that is not party to the 1990 Convention on the Rights of the Child.

The point of the first resolution under consideration at the U.N., said one of several delegates who spoke to Foreign Policy on condition of anonymity because of the confidential nature of the negotiations, is to "press the principle that it is never okay to use violence against children." Complete article


As long as the United states continues to oppose basic human rights protections for children the government has no legitimate claim to defend freedom. This isn't limited to the Convention for the Rights of the Child; the United states also opposes the International Criminal Court, the landmine treaty and the Paris agreement on protecting the environment, often even though the public may support it. However it's difficult to know what the public supports or if it's informed support on any given policy since the mainstream media doesn't report the details of it or the implications.

The current policies on immigration is also becoming increasingly draconian, although it was bad under previous administrations, including the Obama administration which did a better job pretending to defend human rights using the Republicans as scapegoats, while putting up weak opposition. One of the negative social problems that corporal punishment contributes to is desensitizing people to other peoples suffering especially people that are from other cultures, races or religions. It also desensitizes children to violence including wars based on lies, and teaches children to blindly believe what they're told from their leaders without fact checking even when there are incredibly obvious flaws in alleged facts like claims that there were weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. This is often even worse when centralized media declines to report the news about these lies to start wars or good research on the causes of violence.

In Dobson’s Indoctrination Machine I explained how early indoctrination is often carried out from birth using intimidating child rearing tactics teaching children to fear their parents if they disobey or question the official version of truth, which leads them to associate love closely with fear. This has been passed down from generation to generation for thousands of years without questioning the damage it has done until the past couple of generations, when it has changed dramatically for a large segment of the country and world. There areas where they learned more effective child rearing tactics are the ones that saw the greatest reduction in violence.

The following article provides additional evidence to show that reducing child abuse and corporal punishment leads to less violence later in life:

Does Outlawing Spanking Lower The Crime Rate Years Later? 07/17/2013

Spare the rod and lower the crime rate? There is a growing body of data suggesting such a link.

The Charlemagne blog on The Economist’s website explores the question of why violent crime is steadily decreasing in Europe in particular and much of the developed world in general, and concludes that the drop correlates with a similar decrease in the rates of children being spanked.

Numerous studies over the years have found that children who are spanked are more likely to become teens and then adults who are violent. They are also more prone to suffer with psychological problems, abuse drugs and alcohol, and own firearms, some studies have found.

This latest analysis, however, turns the question around and looks at whether NOT spanking a child makes them less likely to be violent -- as measured by rates of crime in countries where the practice has been banned.

The Economist quotes to Christian Pfeiffer, the director of the Criminological Research Institute of Lower Saxony, who notes that the percentage of adults who report they were “raised without any physical punishment at all” was just 26 percent in 1992, and is now triple that, at about 66 percent.

That is because spanking has been made illegal on Germany, as in other European countries. Pfeiffer is tracking crime rates as children who were raised under the new laws grow up. There is already much data from Scandinavian countries, which was the first to ban corporate punishment of school children during the 1950s and 60s, and which outlawed the same by parents between 1979 and 1983, Pfeiffer notes. Crimes rates, gun ownership rates, and prison populations have all fallen in those countries at a sharper rate than in places without such laws. Complete article


There's also evidence from different areas within the United States that supports this conclusion, including the fact that there are lower murder rates in states that no longer allow corporal punishment in schools, especially if it's not common at home either. As I said this isn't the only contributing cause; one of the other biggest contributing cause to violence, is almost certainly abandoned inner cities where the highest murder rates are. In most cases rural areas have lower murder rates than cities, even though they're more likely to rely heavily on corporal punishment; but the rural areas that use it more have higher rates than those that don't; which is why the murder rates are higher in the South despite fact that most bigger cities are not.

The mainstream media is far less likely to report on research on this as well. High rates of violence, which are most conclusive demonstrated with murder rates, since they're the only ones that are thoroughly documented, although other forms of violence are important as well, also correlate with high poverty, income inequality, lower education, white collar crime including insurance fraud and corporate gambling, and forms of violence which are considered legitimate, justifiably or not like wars based on lies.

If high rates of poverty or income inequality are major contributing causes of violence, which they are, then any type of corporate fraud which increases poverty or income inequality also increases violence. This is clearly true with gambling and insurance, where the odds are rigged in favor of the organizing institutions controlling them, otherwise they would go bankrupt. There are well over a hundred people killed every year with a possible insurance motive, but the media never phrases it quite that way. Instead they use violent crime for entertainment purposes, without reporting on the research.

One of the leading reasons for that is they get a share of the funds collected in these industries which should be considered fraudulent. The more insurance or gambling industries spend on advertising, lobbying, or high CEO salaries, the less they have to pay out in claims or winnings, which is an obvious flaw in these industries. The reason the media or politicians never reports on this or tries to consider alternative, is because they get a lot of funds form these industries either in the form of advertising dollars or campaign contributions.

The people we rely on for educational information about preventing violence have a financial incentive to distort that information!

I went into this more in a variety of different subjects in a series of additional articles listed below which explore each subject in more detail, and cites additional sources including studies from peer reviewed academics, that are rarely ever covered in the mainstream media. When the mainstream media does cover one or two studies from any given subject they rarely ever put it in the right context, implying that they're flawed and often contradict each other. This is partly true, but the biggest problem is that the media often misrepresents them, presenting them as if they're comprehensive, which most of them aren't, or that they're designed to come to absolute conclusions.

Academics that study these subjects know better, and admit that most of them have there limitations and flaws which is why they review many different studies constantly crosschecking them against each other. But this isn't the way the media presents it to the public, instead repeating the same messages that suit their own propaganda purposes over and over again.

In the case of using corporal punishment the evidence has been overwhelming for years if not decades among scholars familiar with the subject that have looked closely at the facts, yet the mainstream media continues to report on it as if it's controversial or inconclusive, if they mention it at all. Then they allow demagogues to dominate the discussion often shouting things like, "that's no excuse," or "I was hit when I was a child but I didn't become a murderer," both of which are true, but that's not the point. This emotional response that has been repeated over and over again implies that punishment after the fact as a deterrent is the only way to try to solve crimes. Instead what they should be doing is teaching what the contributing causes of violence are so they can prevent it.

It's far cheaper financially to increase spending on early child care and teaching at risk parents how to care for their children than it is to build massive prisons all over the country which don't effectively rehabilitate prisoners. Teaching at an early age prevents these violent crimes from happening in the first place; but thanks to the demagogues we're constantly cutting funds for programs that work and spending a fortune for programs that don't work but have emotional appeal!



The following table shows that the murder rates have been consistently higher in states that still allow corporal punishment in schools, and presumably use it more at home as well.

Deterrence: States Without the Death Penalty Have Had Consistently Lower Murder Rates These statistics obtained from the FBI and organized by the Death Penalty Information Center were used to calculate the statistics about corporal punishment in the table below.

Corporal Punishment in U.S. Public Schools: Prevalence, Disparities in Use, and Status in State and Federal Policy 2016 This article lists which states banned corporal punishment in schools and what year they banned it.

The second column, listing the murder rates for states still allowing corporal punishment in schools and presumably using it more at home as well, is constantly higher than the third for those not allowing it in schools. States banning corporal punishment since 1990 weren't switched to that category until the year after they banned it in this table. Some of the states that banned it didn't see their murder rates drop immediately, which isn't surprising, since the use of corporal punishment has a long term impact and it may not show immediate results. However, reduction in the use of corporal punishment goes back to when Benjamin Spock and other child rearing experts began teaching more effective methods without abusing kids; and the murder rates have been dropping since then. As of this writing I haven't completed all the statistics, however, a glance at the top ten and bottom ten murder rates shows that states allowing it are far more likely to make the top ten while those banning are more likely to make the bottom ten; so the only question is how much higher the murder rates are in states allowing it. The fourth and fifth columns list the total number of states still allowing it or banning it first then the population in all those states combined after the /.

Year Rates
states
with CP
Rates
states
without CP
Population with CPPopulation without CPMurders
with CP
Murders
without CP
1991 10.699.3930/137,517,00020/107,818,00014,70510,126
1992 9.419.2029/15,2176,00021/139,056,00014,32212,788
1993 9.639.3428/148,013,00022/109,891,00014,26110,265
1994 9.148.7724/126,296,00026/134,045,00011,54711,758
1995 8.557.9223/126,054,00027/136,700,00010,77210825
1996 7.767.0723/127,618,00027/137,666,0009,9069,739
2000 6.045.0123/136,518,39828/144,903,5088,2517,266
2007 6.444.9421/135,518,29529/166,102,8628,7308,199
2008 6.104.7421/137,093,38729/166,966,3378,3617,911
2009 5.724.4421/138,923,60829/168,082,9427,9407,459
2010 5.694.3320/128,365,96430/180,379,5747,3027,818
2011 5.364.2320/129,905,32330/181,682,4936,9677,694
2012 5.354.2819/129,140,16731/184,773,8736,9127,915
2013 5.204.0519/130,500,35431/185,997,1776,7817,538
2014 5.283.9019/131,894,83731/186,962,2196,9587,291
2015 5.694.4219/133,322,59031/187,574,0287,5898,294
2016 6.274.6719/134,800,58131/188,326,9328,4508,790




The following are some related articles about this subject, and it's followed by more of my articles below:

United States Landmine Policy: Questions and Answers 10/03/2014

US Opposition to the International Criminal Court The United States government has consistently opposed an international court that could hold US military and political leaders to a uniform global standard of justice.

US Takes Aim at the International Criminal Court 09/11/2018 Bolton Tirade Prompted by Looming Afghanistan Investigation

Syria Is Joining the Paris Agreement. Now What? The United States is officially the only country to reject the climate accord. 11/08/2017

A Unanimous Voice in Support of Students 12/12/2018 On October 2, the Graham County School Board quietly joined all the other 114 local school districts in North Carolina by voting to prohibit the use of corporal punishment in the public schools. Thus, for the first time in the history of our state (as well as the colony before it), no students attending public schools will fear being hit by a teacher or principal.

Kentucky lawmaker looks to ban corporal punishment in schools 11/28/2018

These Kentucky schools still spank kids who misbehave. Is it time for that to end? 03/02/2018 As of 2016-17, only 17 of Kentucky’s 173 public school districts reported use of corporal punishment, which is down from 25 in school year 2015-16. MAP

Charlie Gardner: Corporal punishment should be abolished in Kentucky schools; tell your legislators 01/15/2018

Texas has 2nd largest number of school spankings in U.S. 05/17/2018 Most of the schools with spanking are in smaller districts in rural areas. Although, one school in Dallas — the AW Brown Leadership Academies Charter School, intermediate campus in South Dallas — is on the list. ..... according to a report from Education Week.: As in years past, schools in the majority of states don't use corporal punishment. Mississippi had most episodes of physical punishment of K-12 students, followed by Texas, Alabama, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. Additionally, there were a handful of anomalous documented cases of corporal punishment in states where the practice is banned, including California, Minnesota, Washington, D.C., and Wisconsin.

Ban on corporal punishment for most students with disabilities goes to Tennessee governor 04/17/2018

U.S. Pushes Back Against U.N. Anti-Violence Resolutions 11/13/2017 They view those efforts as a threat to parental control over their offspring and to the practice of corporal punishment, which is still legal in public schools in more than 20 (actually 19) states in the United States, particularly in the South.

Factors predicting school corporal punishment 07/12/2017

According to Wikipedia's List of school shootings in the United States there were quite a few shootings that were directly incited by incidents of corporal punishment going back a hundred years if not longer. This includes 15-year-old student Alexander Potter, in Summerville, Georgia, 1920; Mrs. Carmila Rindoni in Chicago, Illinois, for spanking her son the day before 1920; Adolphus Oaks, for whipping his sister in Middlesboro, Kentucky 1920;

Paddling students: Georgia charter school wants to use corporal punishment 09/13/2018

Why Are Black Students Facing Corporal Punishment in Public Schools? 04/08/2014

Our View: Time to end corporal punishment in schools 12/12/2018

Students call for an end to paddling, spanking and flogging in schools 12/11/2018 Kentucky is one of 19 states that still allow corporal punishment in our public schools. Corporal punishment is an archaic method of discipline that allows the use of physical force on a minor or mentally disabled person. Paddling, spanking, flogging and other forms of physical force are currently allowed.

Children Are Still Being Hit at School. Here Are 5 Things to Know. 12/13/2018

Corporal punishment in Tennessee public schools being studied 12/13/2018 “Children are still being hit in school”, is the headline of the article which breaks down things to know about corporal punishment, including the fact that students with disabilities received corporal punishment at a higher rate. That fact was the focus of a News4 I-team investigation that prompted the Tennessee state Senate to ban corporal punishment for students with disabilities earlier this year. Parents of students with disabilities can still opt into corporal punishment.

Use of corporal punishment should be local choice 12/09/2018

Jamaica: Parents Urged to Speak Out Against Corporal Punishment in Schools 12/1/2018 “Violence begets violence. All of us, when we see corporal punishment being used in our schools, we should make a sound about it. We have responsibility for our children; don’t beat them,” he said.

Corporal punishment bill goes down in Colorado Senate committee 03/14/2017 The Senate Judiciary Committee, on a party-line vote, defeated House Bill 1038, sponsored by state Sen. Rachel Zenzinger, an Arvada Democrat.

California state assemblyman arrested after daughter reports spanking to teacher 12/14/2018

Corporal punishment plants first seed of violence in children 12/05/2018

Democrats Will Ignore Broad Progressive Reforms at Their Peril 12/06/2018 Black children, especially boys, are far more likely to be disciplined than whites with suspensions, referral to law enforcement, expulsion, corporal punishment, school-related arrest. Racial disparity in discipline is even more pronounced in magnet and charter schools.

Black kids are way more likely to be punished in school than white kids, study finds 04/05/2018

Why parents should never spank children 10/29/2017

The damage we’re doing to our children and ourselves 06/24/2018

Church outrage over spanking ban aids violence against South Africa’s children 01/14/2018

Maharashtra wants schools to follow national norms to end corporal punishment 07/13/2018

Parent: Students Paddled After Participating in Walkout 03/15/2018





The following are some of my past articles about contributing causes to crime and how to prevent them:

Ignored evidence linking corporal punishment, poverty and crime grows

Does lack of education increase violent crime? Religion?

How much does Income Inequality Affects Crime Rates?

States with high murder rates have larger veteran populations

Teach a soldier to kill and he just might

The tragedy of gambling politics in United States

How does gambling and gun control impact violent crime?

Politics, not technology, caused botched executions

Troy, Cameron, Gary all innocent? And executed?

Democrats do a bad job on crime; Republicans and the Media are worse!!

Politicians increase crime; Grass roots efforts reduce crime; Politicians steal the credit

Life Insurance and media companies are encouraging lots of murders

Union Busting adds to corrupt bureaucracy and incites crime

Obama’s Opposition to Corporal Punishment Needs to be Finished by Grassroots

Crime Prevention and Rehabilitation Should Become a Priority Again!

Prevention of violence has to address all causes, not just Guns!

Growing Evidence Of Mega-Church Fraud Violence & Support For War?

Apartheid States of America

Is Push For Charter Schools Increasing Murder Rates?

Insurance Executives Profit By Inciting Murder Occasionally Paying Killers

Media Glorify Themselves While Still Refusing to Cover Causes of Violence!

Copyright & "Intellectual Property" Are endangering Lives & Democracy!



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