Tuesday, September 30, 2014

Democrats do a bad job on crime; Republicans and the Media are worse!!



A comparison of Democrats and Republicans based on the crime rates of the states that they govern indicates that the five states with the highest murder rates all have Republican governors and Republican control of both houses of the state Legislatures. The Democrats have a more moderate advantage when it comes to the ten states with the lowest murder rates, as indicated below; but that doesn't necessarily mean that they do a good job on crime.

If you compare the United States to other developed countries, (List of countries by intentional homicide rate), it doesn't do nearly as well as most of them; although it does much better than many of the undeveloped countries, which are mostly having much more political problems. In many cases part of the reason for their political problems is because the United States is supporting corrupt regimes that have political support of multinational corporations.

The murder rate for the United States in 2012 was 4.7 per 100,000 people; the murder rate in Canada was only 1.6. In most parts of the developed world it is lower, including many that are below 1 per 100,000. Denmark, Iceland, Sweden, Italy, Slovenia, Spain, Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and New Zealand all have less than 1 per 100,000 and France and the United Kingdom both have a rate of exactly 1. Only the states with the lowest rates in the United States have barely dipped below a rate of 1 per 100,000; and that hasn't happened since 2009 when New Hampshire dropped to .8 for one year before going back up to 1 or more.

This implies that a comparison of who does the best job addressing crime might have to consider the policies of other countries in order to find out what is most effective. Also a comparison of most of the policies that I have been reviewing, in previous posts about the causes of crime, indicates that many of the positions that would be most effective at reducing crimes aren't being addressed well by either political party; nor is the traditional media attempting to inform the public about some of the most credible research.

The higher murder and violent crime rates for states controlled by Republicans clearly indicates their policies are almost certainly worse than Democrats; what else would explain it? And this is practically never discussed in the traditional media, although it isn't hard to find much better research on the internet from the academic world even if my review isn't the best, although I have no doubt it is better than what the media and political establishment is doing.

As far as I can tell they aren't even trying; at least when it comes to finding policies that will reduce crime.

They might be trying when it comes to manipulating emotions and convincing people they're addressing crime;but their methods don't stand up to scrutiny, which is totally absent from the mainstream media or the political debate. 

(This is part of a series of posts exploring the root causes of violent crime and ways to recognize and prevent them. Past posts on the subject include Ignored evidence linking corporal punishment, poverty and crime grows; Does lack of education increase violent crime? Religion?; How does gambling and gun control impact violent crime?; Politics, not technology, caused botched executions; Wal-Mart crime: Rolling Back Safety more than prices?; States with high murder rates have larger veteran populations; Teach a soldier to kill and he just might; and How much does Income Inequality Affects Crime Rates?)



The past blog posts on contributing causes of crime and numerous studies on a variety of subjects have indicated that improvements in education, reduction in corporal punishment, poverty, homelessness, and income inequality will all help reduce violent crime. They also indicate that reducing the amount of gambling or better efforts to inform the public about how the odds in gambling are always fixed, other wise the gambling institutions wouldn't be able to cover expenses and make a profit; and reasonable gun control laws will reduce crime.

Evidence has indicated that the death penalty doesn't help reduce crime and that the growth of big box stores especially Wal-Mart has been accompanied by increased crime, or a reduction in the amount that crime is being reduced at those location, which creates similar results. A similar conclusion could be made about the reduction in crime if other causes were adressed as well. For example, if more efforts were made to educate the public about how corporal punishment escalates to more violent crime then further reductions in the murder rate would almost certainly have already happened. The same would also go for addressing other contributing causes like poverty and education; however public policy has been moving in the opposite direction on those issues despite grass roots resistance.

Evidence has also indicated that many of the veterans, coming back from wars based on deceptive information, have been more prone to violence, possibly as a result of PTSD or aggressive training including hazing that teaches them to use violence to accomplish their goals. Efforts to treat PTSD have been slow when they happen at all.

In most if not all of these cases few if any politicians from either party are making much if any effort to address these problems; in most cases they're actually attempting to promote policies that accomplish the opposite. The Republicans are probably the ones with the strongest rhetoric about getting tough on crime by increasing punishment, including increased reliance on "zero tolerance" policies, the death penalty or trying juveniles as adults and accepting "no excuses" for traditional crimes that are often refereed to as "blue collar."

However the same get tough on crime strategy doesn't apply when it comes to the white collar crimes that deprive lower classes of the fair wages, safe environment or access to health care or education.

They rarely even consider the possibility that these might impact crime, yet a close look at the research clearly indicates that it will.

Furthermore, even though the Republicans are probably more outspoken on this so-called get tough on crime approach many of the highest profile Democrats have been becoming more like the Republicans on this issue including Bill Clinton, Al Gore and Joe Biden. At the same time, when it comes to one issue, that Republicans have been better at than Democrats, gambling, they are increasingly becoming more reliant on gambling campaign contributions as well and they also promote it as a way to "strengthen the economy" and "create jobs" even though those jobs do nothing to improve the quality of life and they do more to shift wealth to the upper classes than anything else while increasing crime.

The Republicans are also much more likely to put large numbers of people in jail; and they often use this as an excuse to deprive them of their right to vote as well. According to the Wikipedia List of U.S. states by incarceration rate (2008), which includes a brief comparison with other countries, the United States has a much higher incarceration rate than almost all other countries in the world. The only large developed country that has more than half of the incarceration rate of the United States is Russia. A few other small countries with major political problems have more than half as well and one country, Seychelles, with less than 100,000 people that hardly anyone has heard of actually has a higher rate.

Within the United States the ten states with the highest incarceration rates all have Republican control of both state legislatures and eight of them, including the top seven, have Republican governors. This is based on 2008 rates, which is the latest I could find for now, and 2012 elected officials; however it is unlikely that there are major changes since then that would effect party lines; although prison population has apparently finally begun to slowly drop since then.

The District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands all have significantly worse rates than even the worst of the states, Louisiana. These three districts or territories don't have representation in congress and are less able to hold the few elected officials they do have accountable. This implies the possibility that democratic control might help reduce crime. Michigan is one of the states with the highest murder rates as well as other problems; and they're responding to some of their fiscal problems by taking over large cities and replacing elected officials with authoritarian "emergency managers" often appointed by the governor. (See Cash-strapped cities seized by new management; Michigan Naming Fiscal Manager to Help Detroit and The Scandal of Michigan's Emergency Managers for more details)

The reason many cities and states are in so much fiscal trouble is because they have often been mismanaged by corrupt politicians that have been catering to campaign contributors at the expense of the voters. Now in areas where the voters have been complacent enough to allow this and reelect those that have been destroying their fiscal stability they're now losing their right to vote some of them out.

On the other end, where murder rates are at their lowest includes one of the most progressive states in the country, Vermont, where there is extensive participation by many voters and town hall meeting participants. The political establishment is overwhelmingly rigged in favor of the campaign contributors; however there is some reason to believe that, at least at the local levels some areas where voters are less complacent, they are more inclined to pay attention to the root causes of crimes even if their elected officials try to ignore them in favor of the agenda of their campaign contributors.

This may also be indicated by some of the local areas that have managed to elect grass roots candidates, despite the opposition of powerful corporations, like Richmond California where they're had a Green Party Mayor since 2007 and they've seen a large drop in crime during that same period. I'll follow up with that more on another post; however a review of the politicians that govern the states with the highest and lowest murder rates, reports of violent crime rates and incarceration rates is included below. This also includes a comparison of some of the characteristics previously review\ed and how they compare with each other. Previous posts compared them to crime rates without comparing, for example, religion with graduation rates or gun control.

This comparison indicates that the stereotype about a large correlation between "God, Guns and religion" isn't always just a stereotype. Even though I'm sure there are many exceptions there is a large correlation for a significant percentage of each, as well as some other characteristics. The religious opposition to gambling probably isn't as strong as it used to be, except in Utah, which is mostly Mormon.



The five states with the highest murder rates all have Republican governors and Republican control of both houses of the state Legislatures. Of the ten with the highest murder rates six of them have Republican Governors, four had Democratic governors; eight of them had Republican control of both state houses, the other two had Democratic control of both State houses; eleven Republican U.S. Senators and nine Democratic senators; and seven states had mostly Republicans in the U.S. House, the other three had mostly Democrats.

Of the ten with the lowest murder rates six of the governors are Democratic and four are Republican; six of the State Legislatures are controlled by Democrats, two of them are split and two of them are controlled by Republicans; ten Democrats in the U.S. Senate, nine Republicans and one independent; six of them sent mostly Democrats to the U.S. House, one was split and three sent mostly Republicans.

Of the ten with the highest incarceration rates eight of them, including the first seven, have Republican governors and two have Democratic governors; all of them have Republican control of both state legislatures; four of the U.S. Senators from these states are Democratic, the other sixteen are Republicans; All ten of them sent mostly Republicans to the U.S. House.

Of the ten with the lowest incarceration rates four of them have Republican Governors and six of them have Democratic governors; three of them have Republican legislatures, two of them have split legislatures and the other five have Democratic legislatures; Seven of the U.S. Senators are Republican and twelve Democrats with one Independent.

Of the ten with the highest rates of reported violent crimes two of them have Democratic Governors and the other eight are Republican; four Democratic State Legislatures and six Republican State Legislatures; ten of each in the U.S. Senate; seven sent mostly Republicans to the U.S. House the other three sent mostly Democrats.

Of the ten with the lowest rates of reported violent crimes five of them had Republican governors and five had Democratic governors; four of the State legislatures were Democratic, two were split and four were Republican; Eleven of the U.S. Senators were Republican and eight were Democratic with one independent; six of them sent mostly Republicans to the U.S. House and four sent mostly Democrats to the U.S. House.


These are some comparisons between religion gun control and graduation rates that weren't provided in previous blogs.

Of the states with the ten highest graduation rates, Wyoming, Minnesota, Alaska, Montana, New Hampshire, Vermont, Utah, Iowa, Nebraska and Maine none of them are among the ten most religious; four of them are among the ten least religious; Utah is the most religious, 14th. Two of them are among the ten states with the highest rates of gun deaths per capita and four of them are among the ten with the least gun related deaths per capita. The Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence ranks six of them with Fs and the other four with Cs and Ds. Five of them had among the ten least effective gun laws with the lowest being the second worst and the others were at best 12th.

One of the states with the highest graduation rates allows 6 types of gambling and another doesn’t allow any the average is 3.4. Six of the states with the highest graduation rates had Republican Governors and four had Democratic; five of them had Republican legislatures, two were split, and three were Democratic; ten of their Senators were Republican, nine Democratic and one independent; six of them sent mostly Republicans to the U.S. House and four sent mostly Democrats.

Of the states with the ten lowest graduation rates, Mississippi, Texas, California, Louisiana, Kentucky, Alabama, West Virginia, Arkansas, New Mexico, and Tennessee five of them are among the ten most religious and two more are eleventh and twelfth; none of them are among the ten least religious; the closest is California at 13th least religious. Five of them are among the ten states with the most gun related states per capita and none of them were in the ten states with the lowest rates of gun deaths per capita. The Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence ranks eight of them with Fs and the other two with a D and an A- which is the highest grade they give out. Only two of them rank below thirty of the most effective gun laws, one at first the other at 25th the lowest is 45th.

Of the states with the ten lowest graduation rates one of them allows all six none of them ban them all; the average is four types of gambling. Six of the states with the lowest graduation rates had Republican Governors and four had Democratic; five of them had Republican legislatures, two were split, and three were Democratic; 14 of their Senators were Republican, and 6 were Democratic; eight of them sent mostly Republicans to the U.S. House and two sent mostly Democrats.

Of the ten most religious states, Mississippi, Alabama, South Carolina, Tennessee, Louisiana, Arkansas, Georgia, North Carolina, Oklahoma, and Kentucky five of them are among the ten states with the highest number of gun deaths per capita, the other five are all in the top seventeen; The Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence ranks nine of them with Fs and the other one a D-. They rank between 20th and 45th as most effective gun laws.

Of the ten most religious states they all allow at least one type of gambling and one allows all six, the average is 3.2. Seven of the ten most religious including the first five had Republican governors; nine of them had Republican control of the state legislature and the other one was split; seventeen of the U.S. Senators were Republican and the other four Democratic; Nine of them sent mostly Republicans to the U.S. House the other one sent mostly Democrats.

Of the ten least religious states, Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine, Massachusetts, Alaska, Washington, Oregon, Rhode Island, Nevada and Connecticut one of them was among the top ten with the most gun deaths per capita and five of them were among the bottom ten with the most gun deaths per capita. The Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence ranks four of them with Fs and the other six range from A- to D-. They rank from the second most effective gun laws to the 49th almost evenly.

Of the ten least religious states all of them allowed at least one type of gambling but none allowed all six, the average was 3.6. Two of them had Republican governors, one Independent and seven Democrats; one Republican legislature, two split and seven democratic; five of the U.S. senators were Republican, two Independent and thirteen Democrats; two of them sent mostly Republicans to the U.S. House and eight mostly Democrats.

Of the ten with the highest rates of gun related deaths, Alaska, Louisiana, Wyoming, Arizona, Nevada, Mississippi, New Mexico, Arkansas, Alabama, and Tennessee nine of them had Republican governors and only one had a Democratic governor; two of them had Democratic control of the legislature and eight had Republican control; they had six Democratic U.S. Senators and fourteen Republicans; One of them sent mostly Democrats to the U.S. house and the rest sent mostly Republicans.

Of the ten with the lowest rates of gun related deaths, Hawaii, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Minnesota, Maine, and Iowa three of them had Republican governors and seven had a Democratic governors; seven of them had Democratic control of the legislature and three were split; they had fourteen Democratic U.S. Senators, five Republicans and one Independent; nine of them sent mostly Democrats to the U.S. house and one sent mostly Republicans.


Data was collected for this comparison from the following web pages, whichare the same listed on the previous blogs posts.

City-Data Crime rate in the US: Murders, Rapes, Robberies, Assaults, Burglaries, Thefts, Auto thefts, Arson

Wikipedia Crime rate for cities above 250,000 population

Mississippi most religious, Vermont least, survey says 01/29/2009

Church or synagogue attendance by state

State rankings of high school and college graduation rates 2011

State rankings of college graduation rates up to 2009 at this time

Gun laws by state

Firearms Death Rate per 100,000 (most recent) by state

Gambling in the United States

The following are rankings for the states that made it into the top ten or bottom ten for either murder rates, reports of violent crime or incarceration rates. The reports for murder rates are almost certainly more reliable since reported of them is mandated by law and at the local level when victims hesitate to report violent crime that doesn't result in murder they often go unreported but murder rarely do. Since incarceration rates are based on public record they're probably more reliable than reports of violent crime as well.

For one reason or another Mississippi ranks surprisingly low, at 36th when it comes to reports of violent crime despite the fact that it comes in second when it comes to murder rates. None of the southern states comes in the bottom twenty when it comes to murder but in addition to Mississippi coming in at 36th two others come in the bottom ten.

Even though Idaho is in the bottom ten for both reports of violent crime and murder, they are twelfth when it comes to incarceration rates. Wyoming also has an unusually high incarceration rate compared to their rates of violent crime and murder. However the south clearly has the highest incarceration rates in the country.

The top ten states with the highest murder rates in 2012 are, in order, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Michigan, South Carolina, Missouri, Maryland, Delaware, Tennessee, Arkansas.

The top ten states with the lowest murder rates in 2012 are, in order, New Hampshire, Vermont, Iowa, Minnesota, Utah, Idaho, Massachusetts, Maine, Hawaii, and Oregon.

The top ten states with the highest incarceration rates in 2008 are, in order, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Alabama, Texas, Arizona, Florida, Arkansas, Missouri, and South Carolina.

The top ten states with the lowest incarceration rates in 2008 are, in order, Maine, Minnesota, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Utah, Nebraska, Vermont, and Washington.

The top ten states with the highest reports of violent crime per 100,000 in 2012 are, in order, Tennessee, Nevada, Alaska, New Mexico, South Carolina, Delaware, Louisiana, Florida, Maryland, and Oklahoma.

The top ten states with the lowest reports of violent crime per 100,000 in 2012 are, in order, Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Virginia, Wyoming, Utah, Idaho, Kentucky, Minnesota, and Hawaii.

Louisiana: highest murder and incarceration rate, seventh highest number of violent crimes reported. 81.6% graduation rate 47th in the country; 78% religious 5th in the country; Gun control ranking F 40th 2nd in gun deaths per capita, 19.5 per 100,000; all six types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Lotteries, Commercial, Tribal, Racetrack. In 2012 Louisiana had one Democrat and one Republican in the U.S. Senate; one Democrat and six Republicans in the US House; A Republican governor; 13 Democrats and 26 Republicans in the State Senate; and 44 Democrats 59 Republicans and 2 Independent in the State House.

Mississippi; second highest murder and incarceration rate, thirty-sixth highest number of violent crimes reported. 80.3% graduation rate 50th in the country; 85% religious 1st in the country; Gun control ranking F 45th 5th in gun deaths per capita, 17.3 per 100,000; three types of gambling allowed Charitable, Commercial, Tribal. In 2012 Mississippi had two Republicans in the U.S. Senate; one Democrat and three Republicans in the US House; A Republican governor; 20 Democrats and 32 Republicans in the State Senate; and 58 Democrats and 63 Republicans in the State House.

Alabama; third highest murder and fourth highest incarceration rate, fourteenth highest number of violent crimes reported. 81.9% graduation rate 45th in the country; 82% religious 2md in the country; Gun control ranking D- 25th 9th in gun deaths per capita, 16.2 per 100,000; three types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Tribal. In 2012 Alabama had two Republicans in the U.S. Senate; one Democrat and six Republicans in the US House; A Republican governor; 12 Democrats and 21 Republicans and 1 independent in the State Senate; and 39 Democrats and 66 Republicans in the State House.

Michigan; fourth highest murder and seventeenth highest incarceration rate, twelfth highest number of violent crimes reported. 88.4% graduation rate 22th in the country; 64% religious 29th in the country; Gun control ranking C 14th 26th in gun deaths per capita, 10.9 per 100,000; all six types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Lotteries, Commercial, Tribal, Racetrack. In 2012 Michigan had two Democrats in the U.S. Senate; six Democrats and Nine Republicans in the US House; A Republican governor; 12 Democrats and 28 Republicans in the State Senate; and 49 Democrats and 59 Republicans and 1 Independent in the State House.

South Carolina; fifth highest murder and tenth highest incarceration rate, fifth highest number of violent crimes reported. 83.6% graduation rate 40th in the country; 80% religious 3rd in the country; Gun control ranking F 36th 13th in gun deaths per capita, 13.8 per 100,000; one type of gambling allowed Lotteries. In 2012 South Carolina had two Republicans in the U.S. Senate; one Democrat and five Republicans in the US House; A Republican governor; 18 Democrats and 28 Republicans in the State Senate; and 46 Democrats and 78 Republicans in the State House.

Missouri; sixth highest murder and ninth highest incarceration rate, thirteenth highest number of violent crimes reported. 86.8% graduation rate 28th in the country; 68% religious 15th in the country; Gun control ranking F 39th 18th in gun deaths per capita, 12.3 per 100,000; four types of gambling allowed Charitable, Lotteries, Commercial, Tribal. In 2012 Missouri had one Republican and one Democrat in the U.S. Senate; three Democrat and six Republicans in the US House; A Democratic governor; 10 Democrats and 24 Republicans in the State Senate; and 53 Democrats and 110 Republicans in the State House.

Maryland; seventh highest murder and twenty-fifth highest incarceration rate, ninth highest number of violent crimes reported. 88.2% graduation rate 23rd in the country; 65% religious 24th in the country; Gun control ranking A- 4th 21st in gun deaths per capita, 11.5 per 100,000; five types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Lotteries, Commercial, Racetrack. In 2012 Maryland had two Democrats in the U.S. Senate; six Democrat and two Republicans in the US House; A Democratic governor; 35 Democrats and 12 Republicans in the State Senate; and 98 Democrats and 43 Republicans in the State House.

Delaware; eighth highest murder and nineteenth highest incarceration rate, sixth highest number of violent crimes reported. 87.4% graduation rate 27th in the country; 61% religious 30st in the country; Gun control ranking B- 10th 36th in gun deaths per capita, 9.1 per 100,000; five types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Lotteries, Commercial, Racetrack. In 2012 Delaware had two Democrats in the U.S. Senate; one Democrat in the US House; A Democratic governor; 13 Democrats and 8 Republicans in the State Senate; and 27 Democrats and 14 Republicans in the State House.

Tennessee; ninth highest murder and twenty second highest incarceration rate, highest number of violent crimes reported. 83.2% graduation rate 41th in the country; 79% religious 4th in the country; Gun control ranking F 31th 10th in gun deaths per capita, 15.4 per 100,000; one type of gambling allowed Lotteries. In 2012 Tennessee had two Republicans in the U.S. Senate; two Democrat and seven Republicans in the US House; A Republican governor; 7 Democrats and 26 Republicans in the State Senate; 27 Democrats 71 Republicans and 1 Independent in the State House.

Arkansas; tenth highest murder and eighth highest incarceration rate, eleventh highest number of violent crimes reported. 82.7% graduation rate 43th in the country; 78% religious 6th in the country; Gun control ranking F 34th 8th in gun deaths per capita, 16.3 per 100,000; four types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Lotteries, Racetrack. In 2012 Arkansas had one Democrat and one Republican in the U.S. Senate; one Democrat and three Republicans in the US House; A Democratic governor; 13 Democrats and 22 Republicans in the State Senate; 49 Democrats and 51 Republicans in the State House.

Oklahoma: thirteenth highest murder and third highest incarceration rate, tenth highest number of violent crimes reported. 85.9% graduation rate 32th in the country; 75% religious 9th in the country; Gun control ranking F 35th 16th in gun deaths per capita, 13.1 per 100,000; five types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Lotteries, Tribal, Racetrack. In 2012 Oklahoma had two Republicans in the U.S. Senate; one Democrat and four Republicans in the US House; A Republican governor; 12 Democrats and 36 Republicans in the State Senate; 29 Democrats and 72 Republicans in the State House.

New Mexico: fourteenth highest murder and thirty-fifth highest incarceration rate, fourth highest number of violent crimes reported. 83.1% graduation rate 42th in the country; 66% religious 21st in the country; Gun control ranking F 38th 7th in gun deaths per capita, 16.6 per 100,000; five types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Lotteries, Tribal, Racetrack. In 2012 New Mexico had two Democrats in the U.S. Senate; two Democrats and one Republican in the US House; A Republican governor; 25 Democrats and 17 Republicans in the State Senate; 36 Democrats 34 and Republicans in the State House.

Arizona: fifteenth highest murder and sixth highest incarceration rate, fifteenth highest number of violent crimes reported. 85.2% graduation rate 34th in the country; 61% religious 33th in the country; Gun control ranking F 50th 4th in gun deaths per capita, 18 per 100,000; four types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Lotteries, Tribal. In 2012 Arizona had two Republicans in the U.S. Senate; three Democrats and five Republicans in the US House; A Republican governor; 13 Democrats and 17 Republicans in the State Senate; 24 Democrats and 36 Republicans in the State House.

Florida: seventeenth highest murder and seventh highest incarceration rate, eighth highest number of violent crimes reported. 85.5% graduation rate 33th in the country; 65% religious 23th in the country; Gun control ranking F 26th 23rd in gun deaths per capita, 11.1 per 100,000; five types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Lotteries, Tribal, Racetrack. In 2012 Florida had one Democrat and one Republican in the U.S. Senate; six Democrats and nineteen Republicans in the US House; A Republican governor; 14 Democrats and 26 Republicans in the State Senate; 45 Democrats and 75 Republicans in the State House.

Nevada: twenty-second highest murder and thirteenth highest incarceration rate, second highest number of violent crimes reported. 84.2% graduation rate 37th in the country; 54% religious 42th in the country; Gun control ranking F 32th 5th in gun deaths per capita, 17.3 per 100,000; four types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Commercial, Tribal. In 2012 Nevada had one Democrat and one Republican in the U.S. Senate; one Democrat and two Republicans in the US House; A Republican governor; 11 Democrats and 10 Republicans in the State Senate; 27 Democrats and 15 Republicans in the State House.

Texas; twenty-fourth highest murder and fifth highest incarceration rate, eighteenth highest number of violent crimes reported. 80.4% graduation rate 49th in the country; 74% religious 8th in the country; Gun control ranking F 33rd 25th in gun deaths per capita, 11 per 100,000; four types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Lotteries, Tribal. In 2012 Texas had two Republicans in the U.S. Senate; nine Democrat and twenty-three Republicans in the US House; a Republican governor; 12 Democrats and 19 Republicans in the State Senate; 55 Democrats and 95 Republicans in the State House.

Alaska: twenty-sixth highest murder and thirty-fourth highest incarceration rate, third highest number of violent crimes reported. 91.4% graduation rate 3rd in the country; 51% religious 46th in the country; Gun control ranking F 49th 1st in gun deaths per capita, 20 per 100,000; two types of gambling allowed Charitable, Tribal. In 2012 Alaska had one Democrat and one Republican in the U.S. Senate; one Republican in the US House; a Republican governor; 7 Democrats and 13 Republicans in the State Senate; 14 Democrats and 26 Republicans in the State House.


New Hampshire: lowest murder rate, fifth lowest incarceration rate, third lowest number of violent crimes reported. 91.2% graduation rate 5th in the country; 46% religious 49th in the country; Gun control ranking D- 23th 44th in gun deaths per capita, 5.8 per 100,000; three types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Lotteries. In 2012 New Hampshire had one Democrat and one Republican in the U.S. Senate; two Republicans in the US House; A Democratic governor; 11 Democrats and 13 Republicans in the State Senate; 219 Democrats and 179 Republicans in the State House.

Vermont: second lowest murder rate, ninth lowest incarceration rate, second lowest number of violent crimes reported. 91.0% graduation rate 6th in the country; 42% religious 50th in the country; Gun control ranking F 46th 33rd in gun deaths per capita, 9.6 per 100,000; two types of gambling allowed Charitable, Lotteries. In 2012 Vermont had one Democrat and one Independent in the U.S. Senate; one Democrat in the US House; a Democratic governor; 20 Democrats and 7 Republicans and 3 Progressives in the State Senate; 96 Democrats and 45 Republicans 5 Progressives and 4 Independents in the State House.

Iowa: third lowest murder rate, fourteenth lowest incarceration rate, fifteenth lowest number of violent crimes reported. 80.3% graduation rate 8th in the country; 64% religious 26th in the country; Gun control ranking C- 16th 41st in gun deaths per capita, 6.7 per 100,000; all six types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Lotteries, Commercial, Tribal, Racetrack. In 2012 Iowa had one Democrat and one Republican in the U.S. Senate; three Democrat and two Republicans in the US House; a Republican governor; 26 Democrats and 24 Republicans in the State Senate; 40 Democrats and 60 Republicans in the State House.

Minnesota: fourth lowest murder rate, second lowest incarceration rate, ninth lowest number of violent crimes reported. 91.6% graduation rate 2nd in the country; 64% religious 27th in the country; Gun control ranking C 12th 43rd in gun deaths per capita, 6 per 100,000; five types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Lotteries, Tribal, Racetrack. In 2012 Minnesota had two Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party members in the U.S. Senate; four Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party members and four Republicans in the US House; a Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party governor; 39 Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party members and 28 Republicans in the State Senate; 73 Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party members and 61 Republicans in the State House.

Utah; fifth lowest murder rate, seventh lowest incarceration rate, sixth lowest number of violent crimes reported. 90.6% graduation rate 7th in the country; 69% religious 14th in the country; Gun control ranking F 41th 30th in gun deaths per capita, 9.7 per 100,000; no legal gambling allowed. In 2012 Utah had two Republicans in the U.S. Senate; one Democrat and two Republicans in the US House; a Republican governor; 5 Democrats and 24 Republicans in the State Senate; 14 Democrats and 61 Republicans in the State House.

Idaho: sixth lowest murder rate, thirty-ninth lowest incarceration rate, seventh lowest number of violent crimes reported. 88.5% graduation rate 21st in the country; 61% religious 32nd in the country; Gun control ranking F 37th 19th in gun deaths per capita 12.3 per 100,000; four types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Lotteries, Tribal. In 2012 Idaho had two Republicans in the U.S. Senate; two Republicans in the US House; a Republican governor; 7 Democrats and 28 Republicans in the State Senate; 13 Democrats and 57 Republicans in the State House.

Massachusetts: seventh lowest murder rate, fourth lowest incarceration rate, thirty-first lowest number of violent crimes reported. 18.9% graduation rate 18th in the country; 48% religious 47th in the country; Gun control ranking B+ 6th 49th in gun deaths per capita, 3.1 per 100,000; five types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Lotteries, Commercial, Tribal. In 2012 Massachusetts had one Democrat and one Republican in the U.S. Senate; ten Democrats in the US House; a Democratic governor; 36 Democrats and 4 Republicans in the State Senate; 121 Democrats and 30 Republicans in the State House.

Maine: eighth lowest murder rate, lowest incarceration rate, lowest number of violent crimes reported. 90.2% graduation rate 8th in the country; 48% religious 48th in the country; Gun control ranking F 27th 42nd in gun deaths per capita, 6.5 per 100,000; four types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Lotteries, Racetrack. In 2012 Maine had two Republicans in the U.S. Senate; two Democrats in the US House; a Republican governor; 19 Democrats and 15 Republicans and 1 Independent in the State Senate; 89 Democrats and 58 Republicans and 4 Independents in the State House.

Hawaii: ninth lowest murder rate, thirteenth lowest incarceration rate, tenth lowest number of violent crimes reported. 90.1% graduation rate 11th in the country; 57% religious 37th in the country; Gun control ranking B+ 7th 50th in gun deaths per capita, 2.8 per 100,000; no legal gambling allowed. In 2012 Hawaii had two Democrats in the U.S. Senate; two Democrats in the US House; a Democratic governor; 24 Democrats and 1 Republican in the State Senate; 44 Democrats and 7 Republicans in the State House.

Oregon: tenth lowest murder rate, eighteenth lowest incarceration rate, twelfth lowest number of violent crimes reported. 88.9% graduation rate 18th in the country; 53% religious 44th in the country; Gun control ranking D+ 18th 27th in gun deaths per capita, 10.5 per 100,000; four types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Lotteries, Tribal. In 2012 Oregon had two Democrats in the U.S. Senate; four Democrats and one Republican in the US House; a Democratic governor; 16 Democrats and 14 Republicans in the State Senate; 34 Democrats and 26 Republicans in the State House.

Wyoming: eleventh lowest murder rate, twenty-fifth lowest incarceration rate, fifth lowest number of violent crimes reported. 91.9% graduation rate 1st in the country; 58% religious 35th in the country; Gun control ranking F 48th 3rd in gun deaths per capita, 18.8 per 100,000; four types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Tribal, Racetrack. In 2012 Wyoming had two Republicans in the U.S. Senate; one Republican in the US House; a Republican governor; 4 Democrats and 25 Republicans in the State Senate; 8 Democrats and 52 Republicans in the State House.

Nebraska: thirteenth lowest murder rate, eighth lowest incarceration rate, fourteenth lowest number of violent crimes reported. 90.3% graduation rate 8th in the country; 67% religious 20th in the country; Gun control ranking D 22th 38th in gun deaths per capita, 8.1 per 100,000; four types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Lotteries, Tribal. In 2012 Nebraska had one Democrat and one Republican in the U.S. Senate; three Republicans in the US House; a Republican governor; 15 Democrats and 34 Republicans in the State Legislature; it is the only state with only one body in the Legislature, and it is officially non-partisan, although members do register for informational purposes only.

Washington: fifteenth lowest murder rate, tenth lowest incarceration rate, twentieth lowest number of violent crimes reported. 89.8% graduation rate 13th in the country; 52% religious 45th in the country; Gun control ranking C 13th 34th in gun deaths per capita, 9.3 per 100,000; five types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Lotteries, Commercial, Tribal. In 2012 Washington had two Democrats in the U.S. Senate; five Democrats and four Republicans in the US House; a Democratic governor; 23 Democrats and 24 Republicans and 2 members of the Majority Coalition Caucus supporting Republicans in the State Senate; 55 Democrats and 43 Republicans in the State House.

Rhode Island: nineteenth lowest murder rate, third lowest incarceration rate, thirteenth lowest number of violent crimes reported. 84.3% graduation rate 36th in the country; 53% religious 43th in the country; Gun control ranking B- 9th 45th in gun deaths per capita, 5.1 per 100,000; four types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Lotteries, Racetrack. In 2012 Rhode Island had two Democrats in the U.S. Senate; two Democrats in the US House; a Democratic governor; 32 Democrats and 5 Republicans and 1 Independent in the State Senate; 69 Democrats and 6 Republicans in the State House.

Virginia: twenty-first lowest murder rate, thirty-seventh lowest incarceration rate, fourth lowest number of violent crimes reported. 86.6% graduation rate 29th in the country; 68% religious 16th in the country; Gun control ranking D 21st 23rd in gun deaths per capita, 11.1 per 100,000; four types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Lotteries, Racetrack. In 2012 Virginia had two Democrats in the U.S. Senate; three Democrat and eight Republicans in the US House; a Republican governor; 19 Democrats and 20 Republicans in the State Senate; 32 Democrats and 68 Republicans in the State House.

North Dakota: twenty-third lowest murder rate, sixth lowest incarceration rate, eleventh lowest number of violent crimes reported. 90.0% graduation rate 12th in the country; 68% religious 18th in the country; Gun control ranking F 30th 36th in gun deaths per capita, 9.1 per 100,000; four types of gambling allowed Charitable, Lotteries, Tribal, Racetrack. In 2012 North Dakota had one Democrat and one Republican in the U.S. Senate; one Republican in the US House; a Republican governor; 14 North Dakota Democratic-Nonpartisan League Party members and 32 Republicans in the State Senate; 23 North Dakota Democratic-Nonpartisan League Party members and 71 Republicans in the State House.

Kentucky: thirtieth lowest murder rate, thirty-sixth lowest incarceration rate, eighth lowest number of violent crimes reported. 81.7% graduation rate 47th in the country; 74% religious 10th in the country; Gun control ranking F 43th 16th in gun deaths per capita, 13.1 per 100,000; four types of gambling allowed Charitable, Pari-mutuel, Lotteries, Racetrack. In 2012 Kentucky had two Republicans in the U.S. Senate; two Democrat and four Republicans in the US House; a Democratic governor; 12 Democrats and 23 Republicans and 1 Independent in the State Senate; 57 Democrats and 43 Republicans in the State House.



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